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IP Holder's Terms and Conditions for this offer
TRADEMARK LICENSE AGREEMENT . . . [3] Full Text 1. Parties 1. AGREEMENT made this ____________________ day of ___________________ between ABC Software, Inc., a [name of state] corporation having its principal place of business at ___________________ (the ''Licensor'') and ___________________ a [name of state] corporation having its principal place of business at ___________________ ( the ''Licensee''). 2. Background 2. WHEREAS, Licensor is the sole and exclusive owner of certain trademark(s) and trade name(s) all of which are registered with the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (''PTO'') (the ''Marks'') and which are used with and affixed to certain of Licensor's software product(s) (the ''Licensed Software''). The trademarks and the Licensed Software are all more fully identified in the Trademark Schedule attached hereto and incorporated herein (collectively the ''Trademarked Products''). WHEREAS, the Licensor has granted to the Licensee a non-exclusive (or ''exclusive'') license to the Licensed Software and all related documentation. WHEREAS, Licensee desires to use the Marks on the terms and conditions set forth in this Agreement in connection with Licensee's distribution of the Licensed Software, and Licensor wishes the Licensee to distribute the Trademarked Products upon the terms and conditions contained in this Agreement. WHEREAS, Licensee recognizes that the valuable reputation and goodwill attaching to the Marks is dependent upon the high quality of the standards established and prescribed by the Licensor. Consequently Licensee desires to comply with Licensor's quality control standards in order to preserve the reputation and goodwill attaching to the Trademarked Products. NOW THEREFORE, the parties, in consideration of the mutual covenants and agreements to be performed as set forth in this agreement, the receipt and sufficiency of which consideration are hereby acknowledged, hereby agree as follows: 3. License Grant 3. Subject to the terms and conditions set forth in this Agreement, Licensor hereby grants to Licensee the non-exclusive [or, the exclusive''] right and license to use the Marks in connection with licensing [or, ''selling''] and advertising the Licensed Products worldwide [or, in a designated territory or designated market].n107 4. Assignment Prohibited 4. Licensee's rights under this Agreement to use the Trademarked Products shall not be assigned or licensed to any third party by the Licensee without the prior written approval of the Licensor, [and an attempted assignment by the Licensee may, at the [sole] discretion of the Licensor, be sufficient cause for termination of this Agreement. In addition, Licensor may at its sole discretion terminate this Agreement upon a corporate merger or other consolidation by the Licensee. 5. Covenant Against Challenge 5. Licensee is hereby prohibited from challenging or in any way the validity of the licensed Mark, including its registration or its ownership by the Licensor. 6. Covenant Not to Compete 6. Licensee agrees that during the term of this Agreement [and for ___________________ (___________________) months after the termination of this Agreement] [in the ___________________ marketing territory] the Licensee shall not publish, market, distribute, sell or license [or otherwise exploit] competing products that are functionally similar to the trademarked product(s) licensed hereunder, or that are likely to interfere with or diminish sales of the licensed product(s). 7. Best Marketing Efforts 7. Licensee shall exert its best efforts [or, ''exert due diligence'') to advertise, promote and sell the Trademarked Product(s) licensed under this Agreement so as: to maintain and enhance the value of the goodwill residing in the trademark; to produce the maximum royalties consistent with the quality standards established by the Licensor; and to exploit the assigned territory in marketing the in marketing the Trademarked Products. 8. Trademark Usage 8(a) Licensee hereby acknowledges Licensor's right and title to the Marks licensed herein. In consideration of permitting Licensee to use Licensor's Marks, Licensee hereby agrees [not to claim title to the Mark and] to use the Marks only as permitted by this Agreement. 8(b) Licensee shall prominently display the licensed Marks on all versions of the Trademarked Product(s) in accordance with the [written] instructions of the Licensor, and shall use the registration symbol (r)) and other registration notices correctly.n108 Licensee shall also display all notices and legends with respect to the Marks as are [reasonably] requested by Licensor during the term of this Agreement. Such notices and legends shall appear on the title on the screen, on the label of the diskettes, and in any manuals or documentation relating to the Product. Such credits shall all be equal in all respects in size and prominence. Licensee shall also submit all advertising copy, labels, stickers and packaging to the Licensor [___________________ (___________________) days] prior to use for [written] approval by the Licensor. 8(c) Licensee shall not adopt or use, without Licensor's prior written consent [which consent shall not be unreasonably withheld] any variation of the Marks including [translations and] any Mark similar to or confusing with the Trademark. If Licensor consents to any variation of the Marks, Licensee hereby agrees that Licensor shall own such new Mark and shall at its cost and expense obtain in Licensor's name all United States and international trademark registrations. Licensee shall provide Licensor with reasonable assistance in filing such application for trademark registration. 8(d) All goodwill arising from Licensee's use of the Trademarked Products shall inure solely to the benefit of the Licensor. Licensee shall not take any action that could be detrimental to the goodwill associated with the Mark or with Licensor during the term of this Agreement [or after the termination of this Agreement]. 8(e) Licensee shall during the term of this Agreement and after termination thereof, execute such documents as Licensor may request from time to time to ensure that all right, title and interest in and to the Mark reside with Licensor. 8(f) The terms and conditions of this P 8 shall survive any termination of this Agreement. 9. Quality Control 9(a) Prior to use of the Marks, Licensee shall furnish to Licensor for its [written] approval copies of the version of the Trademarked Products to be sold (or, ''sublicensed'') using the licensed Marks together the advertising and promotional materials accompanying the Trademarked Products that will be displayed (the ''Sample''). [Licensor's approval of the Sample shall not be unreasonably withheld.] [The Sample shall be deemed approved by Licensor unless Licensor notifies Licensee to the contrary within ___________________ (___________________) days after receipt of the Sample.] All versions of the Trademarked Products manufactured, distributed, sold and advertised by Licensee shall conform to the Sample approved, or deemed approved, by the Licensor. 9(b) The Licensee shall maintain the quality standards of the Trademarked Products as is requested from time to time by the Licensor and shall make any changes in quality control required by the Licensor. Licensee shall permit inspection of the premises of manufacture during normal business hours; and shall follow all written specifications relating to the finished product sold by Licensee under the Mark. Licensor may also require License to attend quality control training courses. 9(c) Licensee shall comply at its sole expense with all applicable federal and state laws and regulations [and the applicable laws in the market were the Trademarked Products will be sold] including all laws applicable to the promotion, sale, license or sublicense, and distribution of the Trademarked Products. 10. Royalties 10. As consideration for the rights and the licensed granted to Licensee hereunder, Licensee shall pay to Licensor royalties equal in amount to the percentage of sales as specified in the Payment Schedule attached hereto and incorporated herein. The acceptance by Licensor of any tender of payment of any royalties in an amount which is less than the total amount due shall not be deemed a waiver of the Licensor's right to receive the balance together with interest as is more fully specified in the Payment Schedule. 11. Term of the License 11. This Agreement and the licenses granted hereunder shall commence from the date of this Agreement and shall remain in effect for a term of ___________________ (___________________) years, or until Licensor terminates this license by reason of the Licensee's failure to comply with the [material] terms and conditions of this Agreement during the term of this Agreement. 12. Termination (a) Licensor may terminate this Agreement upon prior written notice of Licensee's breach of or default under this Agreement, and unless such breach or default is cured within ___________________ (___________________) after delivery of such notice of the breach or default, the Licensor may terminate this Agreement forthwith by delivery of a written notice of termination at any time there after before such breach or default has been cured. (b) Upon termination of this Agreement all rights of Licensee under the licenses granted herein shall terminate and revert to Licensor [and Licensee shall immediately cease use of the Marks]. Licensee hereby acknowledges that its failure to cease use of the Marks shall result in immediate and irreparable damage to Licensor. 13. Relationship of the Parties 13. The relationship of the Licensee to Licensor is that of an independent contractor, and neither Licensee nor its employees or agents are employees of the Licensor. This Agreement does not constitute a joint venture or grant of a franchise between Licensor and Licensee. 14. Merger 14.This Agreement constitutes the entire understanding of the parties, all prior understandings having been merged herein. This Agreement may only be amended only by a writing signed by both parties to this Agreement. 15. Notices 15. All notices regarding this Agreement shall be in writing and shall be deemed delivered on the earlier date: (1) if sent by e-mail, delivery or mail when actually received and acknowledged; or (2) ___________________ (___________________) days after mailing by certified or registered mail, return receipt requested. 16. Choice of Law; Forum Selection 16. This Agreement shall be governed by the laws of the State of ___________________ applicable to contracts deemed to be made within such state, without regard to choice of law or conflict of law provisions. Furthermore, the parties hereby agree that any action or proceeding arising out of or relating to this Agreement shall be instituted in a federal or state court located in ___________________, and the parties hereby irrevocably submit to the jurisdiction of such court and waive any objection to the venue or the inconvenience of such forum. 17. Indemnification of the Licensor 17. Licensee shall defend and indemnify the Licensor and hold the Licensor harmless from any and all claims, damages, and [reasonable] attorney's fees and related expenses arising from the use of the licensed trademark by the Licensee and his performance under the Agreement. The provisions of this Agreement shall survive the termination of this Agreement [for a period of ___________________ (___________________) months (or, ''years''). 18. Execution 18. Each party has read this Agreement in its entirety and understands its terms and consequences. Each of the undersigned hereby represents that he or she has the authority to enter into this Agreement. IN WITNESS WHEREOF the Assignor and Assignee have executed this Agreement as of the date first written above . Assignor: Name: Title: Date: Assignee: Name: Title: Date: [4] Clause by Clause Analysis CLAUSE Parties AGREEMENT made this ____________________ day of ___________________ between ABC Software, Inc., a [name of state] corporation having its principal place of business at _________________ (the ''Licensor'') and _________________ a [name of state] corporation having its principal place of business at ___________________ ( the ''Licensee''). DISCUSSION 1. Nothing in the antitrust laws restricts a trademark licensor from choosing its dealers, distributors or licensees.n109 Selection is normally based on the licensee's ability, financial stability, and business reputation. CLAUSE Background 2. WHEREAS, Licensor is the sole and exclusive owner of certain trademark(s) and trade name(s) all of which are registered with the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (''PTO'') (the ''Marks'') and which are used with and affixed to certain of Licensor's software product(s) (the ''Licensed Software''). The trademarks and the Licensed Software are all more fully identified in the Trademark Schedule attached hereto and incorporated herein (collectively the ''Trademarked Products''). WHEREAS, the Licensor has granted to the Licensee a non-exclusive (or ''exclusive'') license to the Licensed Software and all related documentation. WHEREAS, Licensee desires to use the Marks on the terms and conditions set forth in this Agreement in connection with Licensee's distribution of the Licensed Software, and Licensor wishes the Licensee to distribute the Trademarked Products upon the terms and conditions contained in this Agreement. WHEREAS, Licensee recognizes that the valuable reputation and goodwill attaching to the Marks is dependent upon the high quality of the standards established and prescribed by the Licensor. Consequently Licensee desires to comply with Licensor's quality control standards in order to preserve the reputation and goodwill attaching to the Trademarked Products. NOW THEREFORE, the parties, in consideration of the mutual covenants and agreements to be performed as set forth in this agreement, the receipt and sufficiency of which consideration are hereby acknowledged, hereby agree as follows: CLAUSE License Grant 3. Subject to the terms and conditions set forth in this Agreement, Licensor hereby grants to Licensee the non-exclusive [or, the exclusive''] right and license to use the Marks in connection with licensing [or, ''selling''] and advertising the Licensed Products worldwide [or, in a designated territory or designated market].n110 DISCUSSION 3. The grant to license and use the Marks may be exclusive, in which case the licensor refrains from using the Marks and refrains from licensing others to use the Marks in a particular territory or worldwide. The grant may also be exclusive excepting for the Licensor's own use. The grant may also be entirely non-exclusive. If the license agreement is silent as to whether the license is exclusive or non-exclusive, the intent of the parties will be considered, and if such intent is unclear then the license will generally be construed as non-exclusive because an exclusive territory is not ordinarily implied. There is judicial unwillingness to give broad effect to contracts which restrict the flow of goods. Lastly, the Licensor may grant a licensee the right to use its marks on a website provided that the licensee comply with the licensor's trademark usage guidelines as a condition of the license rights. Of particular concern are compliance with source identification, the association with particular products of a given quality, and the avoidance of customer confusion. In order to protect a trademark, a licensor may sue to prevent a licensee's improper use on web site.n111 CLAUSE Assignment Prohibited 4. Licensee's rights under this Agreement to use the Trademarked Products shall not be assigned or licensed to any third party by the Licensee without the prior written approval of the Licensor, [and an attempted assignment by the Licensee may, at the [sole] discretion of the Licensor, be sufficient cause for termination of this Agreement. In addition, Licensor may at its sole discretion terminate this Agreement upon a corporate merger or other consolidation by the Licensee. DISCUSSION 4. A clause restricting or prohibiting the assignment of licensee's rights without the prior consent of the licensor is often found at the end of the Agreement with the ''boiler plate'' provisions. It appears here because it is an important use restriction.n112 The trademark license may provide that an attempted assignment may terminate the agreement. The licensor may also provide that termination of the license may be exercised at licensor's sole discretion if the licensee sells its business or a controlling interest to a person with whom licensor wishes not to do business. CLAUSE Covenant Against Challenge 5. Licensee is hereby prohibited from challenging or in any way the validity of the licensed Mark, including its registration or its ownership by the Licensor.n113 DISCUSSION 5. By entering into the License Agreement, the Licensee recognizes the Licensor's ownership of the Mark and, by implication covenants not to challenge the Licensor's rights. This implied covenant estopps the Licensee from claiming that the Licensor has abandoned his rights by failing to exercise adequate quality control during the term of the Agreement. Consequently, the Licensee may not challenge the Licensor's ownership or claim abandonment of the trademark at issue on facts which occurred before the Agreement was terminated. CLAUSE Covenant Not to Compete 6. Licensee agrees that during the term of this Agreement [and for ___________________ (___________________) months after the termination of this Agreement] [in the ___________________ marketing territory] the Licensee shall not publish, market, distribute, sell or license [or otherwise exploit] competing products that are functionally similar to the trademarked product(s) licensed hereunder, or that are likely to interfere with or diminish sales of the licensed product(s). DISCUSSION 6. A covenant not to compete is not per se unlawful under the federal or state antitrust laws; instead it is tested under the rule of reason. The question that a court will address is whether the covenant exceeds the outer limits of a restraint reasonably necessary to protect the licensor. The same reasonableness test is used for post term covenants restricting the licensee from operating a competing business. CLAUSE Best Marketing Efforts 7. Licensee shall exert its best efforts [or, ''exert due diligence'') to advertise, promote and sell the Trademarked Product(s) licensed under this Agreement so as: to maintain and enhance the value of the goodwill residing in the trademark; to produce the maximum royalties consistent with the quality standards established by the Licensor; and to exploit the assigned territory in marketing the Trademarked Products. DISCUSSION 7. While ''best efforts'' is an imprecise standard to enforce in many states, the clause is useful in extreme cases of failure to apply due diligence. In addition to a best efforts clause, the licensor should set forth in the Agreement precise performance measurements, such as minimum sales quotas and other minimum measurable performance requirements. A minimum performance requirement might be waived for an agreed upon period in a new licensing situation. CLAUSE Trademark Usage 8(a) Licensee hereby acknowledges Licensor's right and title to the Marks licensed herein. In consideration of permitting Licensee to use Licensor's Marks, Licensee hereby agrees [not to claim title to the Mark and] to use the Marks only as permitted by this Agreement. DISCUSSION 8(a) The optional clause never to claim title to the Marks seems excessive, but depending on the parties relative bargaining power may be agreed to by the Licensee. CLAUSE 8(b) Licensee shall prominently display the licensed Marks on all versions of the Trademarked Product(s) in accordance with the [written] instructions of the Licensor, and shall use the registration symbol (r)) and other registration notices correctly.n114 Licensee shall also display all notices and legends with respect to the Marks as are [reasonably] requested by Licensor during the term of this Agreement. Such notices and legends shall appear on the title on the screen, on the label of the diskettes, and in any manuals or documentation relating to the Product. Such credits shall all be equal in all respects in size and prominence. Licensee shall also submit all advertising copy, labels, stickers and packaging to the Licensor [___________________ (___________________) days] prior to use for [written] approval by the Licensor. DISCUSSION 8(b) A legend that is frequently used, states that the trademark is being used under license from or pursuant to the authority granted by the licensor. CLAUSE 8(c) Licensee shall not adopt or use, without Licensor's prior written consent [which consent shall not be unreasonably withheld] any variation of the Marks including [translations and] any Mark similar to or confusing with the Trademark. If Licensor consents to any variation of the Marks, Licensee hereby agrees that Licensor shall own such new Mark and shall at its cost and expense obtain in Licensor's name all United States and international trademark registrations. Licensee shall provide Licensor with reasonable assistance in filing such application for trademark registration. DISCUSSION 8(c)The requirement that the Licensee bear the burden and cost of registering a Mark variation on behalf of the Licensor is frequently required in patent licensing. CLAUSE 8(d) All goodwill arising from Licensee's use of the Trademarked Products shall inure solely to the benefit of the Licensor. Licensee shall not take any action that could be detrimental to the goodwill associated with the Marks or with Licensor during the term of this Agreement [or after the termination of this Agreement.] DISCUSSION 8(d) If the Licensee files an action for a due cause that is under dispute between the parties, It would be unrealistic to prohibit such action by contract. CLAUSE 8(e) Licensee shall during the term of this Agreement and after termination thereof, execute such documents as Licensor may request from time to time to ensure that all right, title and interest in and to the Mark reside with Licensor. 8(f) The terms and conditions of this P 8 shall survive any termination of this Agreement. CLAUSE Quality Control 9(a) Prior to use of the Marks, Licensee shall furnish to Licensor for its [written] approval copies of the version of the Trademarked Products to be sold (or, ''sublicensed'') using the Marks together with the advertising and promotional materials accompanying the Trademarked Products that will be displayed (the ''Sample''). [Licensor's approval of the Sample shall not be unreasonably withheld.] [The Sample shall be deemed approved by Licensor unless Licensor notifies Licensee to the contrary within ___________________ (___________________) days after receipt of the Sample.] All versions of the Trademarked Products manufactured, distributed, sold and advertised by Licensee shall conform to the Sample approved, or deemed approved, by the Licensor. 9(b) The Licensee shall maintain the quality standards of the Trademarked Products as are requested from time to time by the Licensor and shall [promptly] make any changes in quality control required by the Licensor. In order that quality standards continue to be maintained, Licensee shall permit inspection of the premises of manufacture during normal business hours; shall implement all [written] specifications relating to the finished Trademarked Products sold by Licensee; and Licensor may also require License to attend quality control training courses. DISCUSSION 9(b) The obligation to attend quality training courses should not be agreed to without specifications provided by the Licensor as to where, when, and what such courses will entail, as well as the direct and indirect costs and expenses that would be borne by the Licensee. CLAUSE 9(c) Licensee shall promptly inform the Licensor of any potential trademark dispute or infringement and shall furnish to Licensor a [detailed] report describing the dispute or infringement. Licensor shall at its sole discretion determine whether there has been an infringement, and whether to take legal action. Licensor may at its sole discretion intervene in any legal actions against the Licensee. Furthermore, the Licensee will at the expense of the Licensor, cooperate in changing to a new trademark. DISCUSSION 9 (c)This clause enables the Licensor to do trademark policing by putting the burden on the Licensee to keep the Licensor informed of potential conflicts and infringement. Also, because of the risk of a Licensee' use of the Marks being enjoined, the Licensor is empowered to require the use of a new Mark. CLAUSE 9(d) Licensee shall comply at its sole expense with all applicable federal and state laws and regulations [and the applicable laws in the market where the Trademarked Products will be sold] including all laws applicable to the promotion, sale, licensing and distribution of the Trademarked Products. CLAUSE Royalties 10. As consideration for the rights and the licenses granted to Licensee hereunder, Licensee shall pay to Licensor royalties equal in amount to the percentage of sales as specified in the Payment Schedule attached hereto and incorporated herein. The acceptance by Licensor of any tender of payment of any royalties in an amount which is less than the total amount due shall not be deemed a waiver of the Licensor's right to receive the balance together with interest as is more fully specified in the Payment Schedule [which is attached hereto and incorporated herein]. DISCUSSION 10. Trademark license agreements may be royalty free or may require payment to be made in a number of ways, including lump sum paid on the execution of the agreement. Royalties are ordinarily expressed as a fixed amount per product sold, or a percentage of the net invoice price of the goods or services. CLAUSE Term of the License 11. This Agreement and the licenses granted hereunder shall commence from the date of this Agreement and shall remain in effect for a term of ___________________ (___________________) years, or until Licensor terminates this license by reason of the Licensee's failure to comply with the [material] terms and conditions of this Agreement during the term of this Agreement. DISCUSSION 11. The term of the Agreement should be specified, otherwise the Agreement is probably terminable at will. Agreements of five to ten years are common, and they frequently provide the licensor with the option to renew for an additional term(s) based on Licensee's performance as measured by annual sales. Longer terms are common where the licensee’s initial investment is large. Some license agreements run for a specified term of years and then continue on a year by year basis subject to termination by either party upon prior written notice of a specified period of time. Numerous factors determine the selection of the length of the term of the Agreement. These include the parties relative bargaining power; the trade practices of the industry; and whether the parties are familiar with the other's performance. A new licensee will seek a term that justifies its investment, while the licensor will aim for a shorter term with a new licensee because its performance has not been tested. The term of the Agreement may be cut short by reason of the default of the Licensee or the Licensor. This clause is confined to default by the Licensee. CLAUSE Termination 12(a) Licensor may terminate this Agreement upon prior written notice of Licensee's breach of or default under this Agreement, and unless such breach or default is cured within ___________________ (___________________) days after delivery of such notice of the breach or default, the Licensor may terminate this Agreement forthwith by delivery of a written notice of termination at any time there after before such breach or default has been cured. DISCUSSION 12(a). The cure period for default is generally a grace period of sixty or ninety days. Licensor termination may occur because the Licensee fails to pay royalties, fails to conform to quality control standards, fails to meet a sales quota, or Licensee sells substantially all of its business to a third party. Additional reasons for termination of the license by Licensor include: Licensee failure to market or otherwise exploit the trademark for an agreed upon period of time; or a substantial change of the management of the Licensee. Some license agreements provide for rights of termination by either party upon substantial default of either, and/or insolvency or bankruptcy of either. CLAUSE 12(b) Upon termination of this Agreement all rights of Licensee under the licenses granted herein shall terminate and revert to Licensor [and Licensee shall immediately cease use of the Marks.] Licensee hereby acknowledges that its failure to cease use of the Marks shall result in immediate and irreparable damage to Licensor. DISCUSSION At the termination of the trademark license, the Licensee is required to discontinue use of the trademark. Licensee's use of the Marks after termination of the Agreement constitutes a trademark infringement. Consequently, license agreements generally provide for an orderly termination by the parties by permitting the Licensee a reasonable period of time after the termination in which to dispose of the trademarked product(s). CLAUSE Relationship of the Parties 13. The relationship of the Licensee to Licensor is that of an independent contractor, and neither Licensee nor its employees or agents are employees of the Licensor. This Agreement does not constitute a joint venture or grant of a franchise between Licensor and Licensee. DISCUSSION 13. The purpose of Clause 13 is to make clear that the parties are not, nor did they intend to be in a tying or a franchise relationship under federal or state laws. In fact, as noted earlier, the Lanham Act does not establish a principal agency relationship between the parties. Note also that illegal tying under the antitrust laws is not per se illegal. Rather it decided under the rule of reason.n115 CLAUSE Merger 14. This Agreement constitutes the entire understanding of the parties, all prior understandings having been merged herein. This Agreement may only be amended only by a writing signed by both parties to this Agreement. CLAUSE Notices 15. All notices regarding this Agreement shall be in writing and shall be deemed delivered on the earlier date (1) if sent by e-mail or delivery when actually received and acknowledged, or (2) ___________________ (___________________) days after mailing by certified or registered mail, return receipt requested. CLAUSE Choice of Law; Forum Selection 16. This Agreement shall be governed by the laws of the State of ___________________ applicable to contracts deemed to be made within such state, without regard to choice of law or conflict of law provisions. Furthermore, the parties hereby agree that any action or proceeding arising out of or relating to this Agreement shall be instituted in a federal or state court located in ___________________, and the parties hereby irrevocably submit to the jurisdiction of such court and waive any objection to the venue or the inconvenience of such forum. CLAUSE Indemnification of the Licensor 17. Licensee shall defend and indemnify the Licensor and hold the Licensor harmless from any and all claims, damages, and [reasonable] attorney's fees and related expenses arising from the use of the Trademarked Products by the Licensee and/or arising from Licensee's performance under the Agreement. The provisions of this Agreement shall survive the termination of this Agreement [for a period of ___________________ (___________________) months (or, ''years'')] . DISCUSSION 17. To protect the Licensor against liability for the torts and other actions by the Licensee, an indemnification of the Licensor is essential. Some agreements include a requirement that the Licensor be a named insured under the Licensee's liability insurance policy, with designated minimum coverage required. CLAUSE Execution 18. Each party has read this Agreement in its entirety and understands its terms and consequences. Each of the undersigned hereby represents that he or she has the authority to enter into this Agreement. IN WITNESS WHEREOF the Assignor and Assignee have executed this Agreement as of the date first written above . Assignor: Name: Title: Date: Assignee: Name: Title: Date: ------------------------- (n97)Footnote 97. In the preparation of FORM 3A.06-1, the author principally relied upon A.G. Lalonde and K. Green, Gilson on Trademarks, Chapter 6 (LEXIS NEXIS, Rel 2007). (n98)Footnote 98. Trademark licensing was generally prohibited by the courts except when it was incidental to the transfer of a business or property in connections with which it has been used. Today trademark licensing is legally permissible, in widespread use, and adaptable to a variety of business situations. A trademark may be licensed to a single licensee or to multiple licensees, sometimes to thousands. Trademark licensing is the cornerstone of a franchise system. Gilson § 6.01 [1]. (n99)Footnote 99. The term ''goods'' encompasses ''services.'' (n100)Footnote 100. 999 F. Supp. 1301, 1998 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 4461 (N.D. Cal.). (n101)Footnote 101. Turner v. HMH Publishing Co., 380 F.2d 224 (5th Cir.), cert. denied 389 U.S. 1006 (1967). (n102)Footnote 102. See e.g. L.A. Gear Inc. v . E. S. Originals Inc., 859 F. Supp. 1294 (C.D. Cal. 1994); Oberlin v. Martin American Corp., 596 F.2d 1322 (7th Cir. 1979). (n103)Footnote 103. 15 U.S.C. 1127. (n104)Footnote 104. Gilson at 6-9. (n105)Footnote 105. 2002 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 13453 (D. Minn. Jul.20, 2002). (n106)Footnote 106. 25 F. Supp.2d 1218 (D. Utah 1997). (n107)Footnote 107. See § 12.03[3] ''Distribution Agreements,'' infra on the ''Delineation of Territory,'' and § 12.04 ''Antitrust and Other Regulatory Consideration.'' (n108)Footnote 108. Cheese Shop Int'l, Inc. v. Steele,180 U.S.P.Q. 414 (Del. 1973) holding that under equity jurisdiction a court may award specific performance for violation of trademark display clauses. (n109)Footnote 109. United States v. Colgate & Co., 250 U.S. 300 (1919). (n110)Footnote 110. See § 12.03[3] ''Distribution Agreements,'' infra on the ''Delineation of Territory,'' and § 12.04 ''Antitrust and Other Regulatory Consideration'' infra. (n111)Footnote 111. See e.g. ComputerUser.com, Inc. v. Technology Publishing; LLC, 2002 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 13453 (D. Minn. 2002). (n112)Footnote 112. See Comment to Clause 4.5 of FORM 8.08-1 infra. (n113)Footnote 113. See e.g. GO Medical Indus. Pty. Ltd. v. Inmed Corp., 300 F. Supp2d 1297 (N.D. Ga. 2003); GO Medical Indus. Pty. Ltd. v. Inmed Corp., 2005 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 19588 (N.D. Ga. 2005). (n114)Footnote 114. Cheese Shop Int'l, Inc. v. Steele,180 U.S.P.Q. 414 (Del. 1973) holding that under equity jurisdiction a court may award specific performance for violation of trademark display clauses. (n115)Footnote 115. See e.g. Generac Corp. v. Caterpillar Inc., 172 F.3d 971 (7th Cir. 1999).
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